Interventional cardiology is branch of cardiology that deals with catheter based treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Interventional cardiology uses small flexible tube known as catheter to repair damaged or narrowed heart arteries or other affected parts of heart structure. A large number of heart problems can be rectified by using cardiovascular catheterization. The most commonly used treatment for cardiovascular diseases involve insertion of sheath into artery and cannulising the heart under x-ray visualization. Cannulising heart vessels offers several benefits such as easy accessibility of artery, better control on bleeding during procedure and enhancement of convenience and comfort delivered to patients. Angioplasty and stenting are common types of interventional techniques used to correct heart deformities.
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Common conditions which can be effectively treated with interventional cardiology include coronary artery diseases, heart wall diseases and peripheral vascular diseases. Peripheral vascular diseases (PVD) are blood circulation disorder that causes blood vessels outside heart and brain to narrow or block due to arteriosclerosis leading to clot development. It is characterized by reduced weak pulses, cramps and heaviness in muscles. PVD can be treated with medication such as atorvastatin that increases blood flow to arteries and veins. Significant blockage requires high end surgeries such as angioplasty or vascular surgeries performed by inserting catheters in the artery of neck or arm and then threaded it to heart through blood vessels for improved blood circulation.
Increasing geriatric population, rise in demand for minimal invasive surgeries coupled with technological advancements are expected to drive growth of the market. According to a study conducted by American Heart Association in 2017, around 92.1 million American adults are living with some or other type of…